Cholangiocarcinoma organoid

Cholangiocarcinoma is often diagnosed at an unresectable stage as it typically presents with minimal symptoms in the early stages and lacks effective screening methods for early detection. In such cases, patients undergo conventional chemotherapy though advanced approaches are needed for effective treatment and prevention of recurrence.
Leverage our cholangiocarcinoma organoids to advance research in cholangiocarcinoma and develop personalized treatment strategies.
Our cholangiocarcinoma organoids are sophisticated model systems that faithfully recapitulate the complexity of patient tumors. They can provide significant assistance in biomarker identification, drug screening, and furthering biological understanding of cholangiocarcinoma.

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cancer organoid

Establishing a process for isolating cytotoxic T cells that can directly attack cancer cells, creating an MHC-TCR interaction environment, and utilizing MHC I/II blockers to achieve an immune microenvironment in vivo.
Since obtaining blood from cancer patients is limited, the process is refined by co-culturing peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) derived from healthy individuals with cancer organoids from cancer patients. This allows for the generation of cytotoxic T cells.

Regulatory T cells (Treg)” play a crucial role in maintaining immune homeostasis and tolerance by suppressing immune responses.
These lymphocytes inhibit T cell proliferation and cytokine production, thus preventing autoimmune reactions.
Our method involves evaluating the efficacy of an anticancer agent by treating a mixture of tumor organoids, cytotoxic T cells (CD8+ T cells), and regulatory T cells (Tregs) with the anticancer drug or drug candidate.

A co-culturing platform of macrophages and organoids demonstrates varying organoid cytotoxic effects depending on the ratio of M1 macrophages to M2 macrophages. Optimal cell death effects are established by co-culturing different ratios of functionally diverse immune cells. This enables the identification of optimal conditions for co-culturing various immune cells, facilitating the selection of an appropriate platform for drug testing.


NK cell

NK cells’ presence and activity in the tumor predict patient responses to treatments, linking drug efficacy to NK cell recruitment and function. NK cells actively surveil and eliminate cancer cells early on, and evaluating drug impact on NK cell-mediated immunosurveillance assesses potential in preventing tumor development. Anti-cancer drugs influence the immune microenvironment, highlighting the importance of understanding NK cell and immune milieu interplay for overall drug efficacy assessment.



Our cholangiocarcinoma organoids accurately replicate patient tumors by expressing key markers CEA, CA 19-9, Hep Par1, and CK7, underscoring their fidelity for cancer research and personalized treatment development.
This molecular mimicry enables a profound understanding of cholangiocarcinoma pathology and offers a promising avenue for therapeutic innovations.